How is Xray Used in Security?
X-ray scanners identify organic, inorganic and metal materials, which could be harmful to a person or property. They can also send mail containing dangerous biological substances high doses of radiation. This produces detailed images. In addition to identifying potentially dangerous materials, these scanners also damage DNA. Learn more about how these scanners are used for security purposes. Let’s dive into some of the different applications for x-ray in security.
X-ray scanners identify harmful organic, inorganic and metal materials
X-ray scanners are able to distinguish between metal, inorganic, or harmful organic materials by their color. High-inorganic substances will be coloured orange, while those with low levels of inorganic content will be coloured green. These substances include drugs, paper, plastic, and cardboard. High-density materials, such as metal and glass, will appear as green or orange. The same applies to gold and silver, which could be associated with smuggling as well as other illegal activities.
X-ray security scanners are useful in airports, air cargo and air travel, because they enable operators to detect and prevent the entry of dangerous items, including weapons, explosives and narcotics. These machines detect Xray radiation loss at various energy levels and classify contents into three types: organic, metal, and inorganic.
They produce detailed images
X-rays are used primarily in the medical and dental areas. Common X-rays are used to diagnose broken bones and swallowed objects. They can also be used to diagnose lung infections or arthritis damage. They are used in hospitals, as well as in airport security and NASA in outer space. However, X-rays are most commonly used in security and medicine.
They can alter genes
X-rays cause breaks in double-stranded DNA and chromosome re-arrangements. This type of mutation is relatively easy to map by cytological examination. However, this technique is not suitable for fine-scale mutation. Chemical mutations cause single-nucleotide changes, known as point mutations. They can lead to mis-sense or nonsense mutations in coding sequences or they can affect regulatory elements such as splicing signalling. In addition to mutating genes, chemical mutations can also cause a variety of mutations within a single gene region.